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PCOS/ PCOD Specialist in Gurgaon

As previously stated, PCOS is a syndrome in which multiple cysts (liquid-filled sacs) begin to grow on both of a woman's ovaries. They're big, and they're usually made of immature eggs and other fluids. Girls have difficulty having periods as a result of this.

They don't always have them, or if they do, they're late and unreliable. This is generally noticed in teenagers nearly immediately after their first menstruation. PCOD, on the other hand, has similar effects on the ovary, but they are minimal. On the ovaries, more small sacs form, which can be delayed by three months (a lifestyle change is required) and are also fewer in number. Periods are regular in PCOD, albeit they may be delayed. When a woman of childbearing age is unable to conceive, it is detected.


Causes:

PCOS hasn't been pinpointed as to what causes it. The following are some of the factors that could play a role:

Insulin in excess. Your blood sugar levels may rise, and your body may create more insulin if your cells grow resistant to the effects of insulin. Excess insulin may boost testosterone production, making ovulation problematic.

Inflammation at a low level. The synthesis of chemicals by white blood cells to fight infection is referred to as this phrase. According to research, women with PCOS have low-grade inflammation that causes their polycystic ovaries to create androgens.


Symptoms:

PCOS manifests itself in a variety of ways, including:

  • Obesity
  • Irregular periods
  • There are no periods at all.
  • Excessive Hair on the Face
  • Baldness
  • Patches on the nape of the neck or the elbows
  • Hair on the Axilla
  • the odour of the body
  • Fatigue
  • Problems with sleep
  • Periods that are irregular or non-existent are the most typical symptom.

PCOD shares many of the same symptoms as menstrual cramps; however, there are a few key differences:

  • It's unusual to be diagnosed at such a young age.
  • Instead of having no periods at all, you have irregular ones.
  • Heaving haemorrhage; due to abnormal periods, an increase in the uterine wall occurs.
  • Obesity is more rigid in PCOD than it is in PCOS.

Diagnosis

There is no single test that can be used to diagnose PCOS or PCOD, and there is no consensus on what diagnostic criteria should be utilized. Because the signs and symptoms are so prevalent and comparable to those of other diseases, it takes a doctor's experience and judgment to state and diagnose it. To determine a diagnosis, gynaecologists look at a mix of clinical findings such as your signs and symptoms, medical and family history, physical exam, and laboratory test results. Some tests are performed before a PCOS/PCOD diagnosis is made to rule out other possible causes of comparable symptoms. Adrenal or ovarian tumors and adrenal hyperplasia (abnormal growth of the adrenal tissue) can induce the overproduction of male hormones in women.


Risks:

PCOS causes infertility because it limits the frequency of ovulation in the body; females with PCOS may not conceive at all, even after making lifestyle modifications.

Diabetes: It is caused by PCOS/PCOD, which creates insulin resistance in the body.

Heart Disease: Both conditions raise blood pressure, putting the body at risk for heart problems.

Endometrial Cancer: The body thickens the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus, as a result of delayed ovulation. Endometrial cancer is more likely as a result of this. (PCOD is low, PCOS is high)

Depression, mood swings, anxiety, and altered behaviour are all symptoms of hormonal imbalance in women. Even a diagnosis of it might make a woman depressed or unhappy.


Treatments:

PCOS does not have a cure and does not go away on its own. The only goal of treatment is to alleviate the symptoms and prevent additional problems. This includes the following:

  • Diet, exercise, and keeping a healthy body weight are all advised lifestyle adjustments to help reduce insulin resistance. 
  • Weight loss lowers testosterone, insulin, and LH levels as well. Regular exercise and a nutritious diet can help maintain good blood pressure and cholesterol level and alleviate sleep apnea symptoms. 
  • Smoking cessation and the avoidance of other tobacco products may aid in the reduction of testosterone levels.
  • Various medicines may be recommended to treat insulin resistance and diabetes, and some may also aid in regulating menstrual cycles and promoting ovulation.
  • Excess face and body hair can be removed by waxing, shaving, depilatory, electrolysis, or laser treatments.
  • Acne can be treated with antibiotics. 

To help normalize menstrual periods, oral contraceptives may be administered. PCOS or PCOD can be controlled easily, by the help of relevant solutions. Dr. Prachi Benara provides one-top solution to help women keep their PCOS or PCOD in control.



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