At least 13 out of 100 struggle to get pregnant during unprotected sex, mainly due to infertility in men or women. In at least one-third of cases, the problem is due to man infertility. Ideally, male infertility is likely to be a health issue in a man, which minimizes the chances of pregnancy in female partners.
Sperms are tiny cells made by the man's body, and during sex or ejaculation, the sperms are delivered in the woman's body. The male reproductive system tends to store and transport the sperm. Hormones, also known as chemicals in the body, control the same. Additionally, sex hormones and sperm are created in two testicles. The testicles are mainly placed in the scrotum, which is the skin set below the penis. When the sperm is likely to leave the testicles, they go in some tube behind a given testicle.
The tube is known as epididymis, and sperm enters this tube before ejaculation. The tubes are known as vas deference, and they lead from epididymis to behind one's bladder in the penis. The vas deference then joins the ejaculatory gland from the seminal vesicle, and it forms semen. When one ejaculates, the sperm is mixed with fluid from the prostate and tends to seminal vesicles. Semen is then likely to travel through the urethra and out of the penis. Male fertility mainly depends on one’s body making normal sperm and delivering them. The sperm primarily goes to the female partner's vagina as they travel through the female's cervix then uterus to fallopian tubes. Fertilization tends to happen if male sperm and female egg meet. The system mainly works properly when environmental and hormone levels are perfect.
Making mature and healthy sperm mainly depends on several factors. Some problems prevent cells from developing into sperm. These issues also don’t allow sperms from reaching the egg. The Sanctorum's temperature is most likely to affect fertility. Some leading causes of infertility include:
Sperm problems are most likely the ones people are born with. Additionally, lifestyle changes can also minimize the sperm count. The lifestyle changes include drinking alcohol, smoking, etc., besides long-term sickness like kidney failure can also lead to low sperm count. Furthermore, damage to the reproductive system can also lead to low sperm numbers.
Varicoceles are likely to be swollen veins in one's scrotum, and they are commonly found in the majority of men. They tend to harm the sperm by blocking proper blood drainage.
Retrograde ejaculation happens when semen is likely to go back into one's body. For example, they go back in one's bladder than penis. It also occurs when nerves and muscles in one’s bladder don't close while orgasming. Semen might have an average sperm count, but semen doesn't get released from the penis. Hence it fails to reach the vagina.
It is pretty challenging to diagnose the causes of male fertility. Often the problems are caused due to sperm production or delivery. Therefore, diagnosis is mainly to start with complete history or physical exam.
One’s health care professional will take their health and surgical histories into considerations. The medical expert will want to know everything about the patient, which might lower their fertility. It might include several defects in their reproductive system or even some low hormone levels. The doctor might even ask for some childhood sickness or current medications. They might also ask if the patient consumes any marijuana or alcohol.
The semen analysis is likely to be a routine test that shows sperm production level and if the sperm is functioning perfectly. The test is mainly done twice if the sperm count is abnormal. Semen is also collected by having one masturbate in a cup. The semen sample is specifically studied and checked for various things which hurt fertilization.
The doctor will then study one’s sperm volume or count, and the results would tell about their ability to conceive. It doesn’t mean one is permanently infertile if the semen test shows low sperm count or no sperm. The treatment is undoubtedly possible even if no sperm are seen during the trial.
Expect high-quality male infertility treatment from Dr. Prachi Benara, who is herself a skilled infertility specialist. She is trained from some very prominent institutes in the medical field including Maulana Azad Medical college, BJ Medical College (Ahmedabad). She is also trained in UK to pursue her interest IVF and reproductive medicine.
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