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What Is IVF and How Does It Work?

IVF stands for in vitro fertilization and is a form of assisted creative technology (ART). It entails the removal of eggs from a woman's ovaries and fertilization with sperm. An embryo is a fertilized egg that has been fertilized. The source can then be frozen or transplanted to a woman's uterus for storage.

IVF can be used in a variety of ways, depending on your situation:

  • Eggs and sperm from your spouse
  • Eggs and sperm from a donor
  • Donor eggs and sperm from your partner
  • Donor sperm and donor eggs
  • Embryos that have been donated

What Is the Purpose of In Vitro Fertilization?

IVF aids people trying to conceive a child but cannot do so due to infertility. Because IVF is costly and invasive, many couples try other reproductive therapies first. Taking fertility medications or undergoing intrauterine insemination are two examples. A doctor injects sperm straight into a woman's uterus during this operation.

Infertility concerns that may necessitate IVF include:

  • Women above the age of 40 have lower fertility.
  • Fallopian tubes that be obstructed or damaged
  • Ovarian function is impaired
  • Endometriosis
  • Fibroids in the uterus
  • Low sperm count or poor sperm shape are examples of male infertility.

Parents may also opt for IVF if they are concerned about passing on a genetic condition to their children. The embryos can be tested for congenital abnormalities in a medical facility. After that, a doctor only implants seeds that are free of genetic problems.

What Should I Do to Get Ready for In Vitro Fertilization?

Women will have their ovarian reserve tested before starting IVF. This entails drawing a blood sample and evaluating it for follicle-stimulating hormone levels (FSH). Your doctor will be able to tell you about the size and quality of your eggs based on the findings of this test.

Your doctor will also examine your uterus. An ultrasound, which employs high-frequency sound waves to create an image of your uterus, may be required. A scope may be inserted through your vaginal canal and into your uterus by your doctor. These tests can indicate your uterus's health and aid your doctor in determining the best technique to implant the embryos.

Sperm testing will be required for men. This entails providing a sperm sample, which will be analyzed in a lab to determine the amount, size, and form of the sperm. If the sperm are weak or injured, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) technique may be required. A technician inserts sperm directly into the egg during ICSI. ICSI may be used as a portion of the IVF procedure.

What Is In Vitro Fertilization and How Does It Work?

IVF is broken down into five steps:

  • Stimulation
  • Retrieval of eggs
  • Insemination
  • Culturing of embryos
  • Transfer


During each menstrual cycle, a woman generally produces one egg. IVF, on the other hand, necessitates the use of several eggs. The possibilities of having a viable embryo are increased when many eggs are used. Fertility medicines will be given to you to help your body generate more eggs. During this time, your doctor will conduct regular blood tests and ultrasounds to check egg production and determine when they should be retrieved.

Retrieval of eggs

Follicular aspiration is the term for egg retrieval. It's an aesthetic-assisted surgical treatment. A needle will be conducted into your vaginal channel, into your ovary, and into an egg-containing follicle using an ultrasound wand. Each strand will be suctioned for cells and fluid with the needle.


The male spouse will now be required to provide a sample of sperm. In a petri dish, a technician will mix the sperm with the eggs. If that fails to create embryos, your doctor may opt for ICSI.

Culture of Embryos

Your doctor will watch the fertilized eggs to make sure they're dividing and growing correctly. At this phase, the embryos may be tested for genetic disorders.


Embryos can be implanted once they are large enough. Three to five days after fertilization, this happens. A small tube called a catheter is placed into your vagina, through your cervix, and into your uterus during the procedure. The embryo is subsequently implanted into your uterus by your doctor.

The embryo inserts itself in the uterine wall, resulting in pregnancy. This could take anywhere from 6 to 10 days. If you're pregnant, a blood test will reveal it.

IVF treatment needs to be carried out by a professional, who has years of experience. Dr. Prachi Benara is one of such leading infertility skilled specialist who has been in this industry for years and can be relied for such solutions.

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