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IUI is a fertility method that sperm is inserted directly into a woman's uterus.

Sperm must pass from the vaginal canal, past the cervix, into the uterus, and up to the fallopian tubes during natural conception. IUI involves:

  • Washing and concentrating sperm.
  • Placing them directly into the uterus.
  • Bringing them closer to the egg.

IUI is beneficial to whom?

Compared to more invasive and pricey therapies like in vitro fertilization, IUI is a comparatively benign and cost-effective fertility treatment (IVF). Couples may choose to start with IUI before moving on to IVF if necessary. IUI may be the only option for conceiving a child.

IUI can be done with sperm from a male partner or sperm from a donor. In the following contexts, IUI is most typically used:

  • infertility that hasn't been explained
  • endometriosis (mild)
  • Cervical mucous problems or cervix problems
  • sperm count is low
  • sperm motility is reduced
  • ejaculation or erection problems
  • same-sex couples who want to start a family
  • a lady who is single and wants to start a family

What to Expect During Your Procedure: 

IUI is a technique that is reasonably painless and non-invasive. IUI is occasionally performed in what is known as a "natural cycle," in which no drugs are used. Around ovulation, a woman ovulates naturally and gets her sperm inserted at a doctor's clinic.

Ovarian stimulation can also be used in conjunction with IUI. The hormones hCG and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) can be administered to stimulate the ovaries to mature and release an egg or many eggs. In most cases, ovulation with more than one egg enhances the chances of conception.

A typical timeline might look like this:

You may have multiple clinic visits for blood tests, ultrasounds, and medication instructions during your period.

If you've been prescribed medication, you'll typically begin taking it while you're on your period.

You'll probably get another ultrasound and maybe bloodwork a week after taking medicine.

Your doctor will decide when you're ovulating based on the results of your tests, and you and your partner will return to the clinic. This usually happens 10 to 16 days after you start taking the drug.

On the day of the operation, either your male partner will deliver a semen sample, or the donor sperm will be thawed.

The sperm will be taken to a laboratory and "washed" right away. During this procedure, the seminal fluid and other residues are removed, leaving the sperm concentrated and less prone to irritate the uterus.

What are the potential dangers?

Following the IUI process, there is a slight chance of infection. Infection is quite unlikely because your doctor will use sterilized devices.

There is a possibility of multiple pregnancies if drugs are used to promote ovulation. Because fertility medicines enhance the chances of more than one egg being released, they also raise numerous pregnancies. To avoid too many eggs from being released at once, your doctor will try to balance the amount and type of medicine, as well as blood tests and ultrasound monitoring.

An ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is known when the ovaries overreact to reproductive medicines (especially those administered as injections). A vast number of eggs may mature at the exact moment and then be discharged. An enlarged ovary, fluid build-up in the abdomen, and cramps are all possible outcomes. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome can cause fluid build-up in the chest and belly, renal issues, blood clots, and ovarian twisting in scarce situations.

How high is the success rate?

IUI will have a distinct effect on each couple, and success can be challenging to predict. Several factors, including the influence the outcome:

  • Age
  • Diagnosis of underlying infertility
  • Whether or not fertility medicines are employed

Other fertility-related issues:

The likelihood of conceiving after IUI changes depending on your reasons for seeking reproductive treatment. Women over the age of 40 and women who have not become consequential after three cycles of IUI have lower resolution rates with IUI.

What is the cost of IUI?

The cost of IUI therapy varies depending on where you live and what you need. The cost of reproductive drugs is not included. Ultrasounds, lab tests, and sperm analysis are all possible extra charges. Some insurance companies will pay for a percentage of fertility treatment costs. At your physician's office, you may be able to speak with billing or insurance professionals. They can explain all of the charges and payment choices to you.

When it comes to IUI treatment, then it is important to choose the right expert to do so. Dr. Prachi Benara is known to be a round interfertility specialist who has been in this industry for years. With immense knowledge she leaves no stone unturned in helping out the patient with excellent solutions.

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